A hookah (Farsi: قلیان ), is a single or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (called Mu‘assel), whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation. 


Origin of the hookah.

It originates in Safavid dynasty of Persia,  from where it eventually spread to the east into South Asia during that time.  The hookah or Argyleh soon reached Egypt and the Levant during the Ottoman dynasty from neighbouring Safavid dynasty, where it became very popular and where the mechanism was later perfected. The word hookah is a derivative of "huqqa", an Urdu term. Outside its native region, hookah smoking has gained popularity throughout the world, especially among younger people, largely due to immigrants from the Levant, where it is especially popular. citation needed 


Argilah or Argileh (Arabic: أرجيلة‎,  sometimes pronounced Argilee) is the name most commonly used in Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Jordan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan and Iraq, while Nargilah (Hebrew: נַרְגִּילָה‎) is the name most commonly used in Israel. It derives from the Persian word nārghile, meaning coconut, which in turn comes from the Sanskrit word nārikela (नारिकेल), suggesting that early hookahs were hewn from coconut shells. In Persian, it is known as qalyān (قلیان).

In Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Turkey and Bulgaria, na[r]gile (на[р]гиле; from Persian nargile) is used to refer to the pipe. Šiša (шиша) refers to the tobacco that is smoked in it.[citation needed] The pipes there often have one or two mouth pieces. The flavored tobacco, created by marinating cuts of tobacco in a multitude of flavored molasses, is placed above the water and covered by pierced foil with hot coals placed on top, and the smoke is drawn through cold water to cool and filter it. In Albania, the hookah is called "lula" or "lulava".